Ancient City of Hanoi The city is located on a mesa on the southern bank of an old course of Qakmak River, about 30 kilometers to the northeast of Kashi City. Some city-walls, lanes and religious relics have been found. Among them the eastern wall is preserved better, about 77 meters in length. The city is irregularly square in shape. Its south wall is about 94 meters long, west wall about 70 meters long and north wall about 91 meters long. There have ever been unearthed some bronze wares, ironwares, Jade wares, golden seats and other ornaments. The word “ Hanoi” means “palace”. According to textual researches, it was the “Jiashi City”, capital of Shule Kingdom in the Tang Dynasty, and is the seat of Shule Garrison and Shule Superintendent Office and the capital of Karakhanid Dynasty, too. Now it is listed as a major cultural site protected by the Autonomous Region.