Mahmud Kashgari Mazar Located on a mesa in Upar Village, Shufu County, the Mazar is the tomb of Mahmud Kashgri, who is an outstanding scholar of the Karahanid Dynasty in the 11th century and is the author of the philological magnum opus “The Complete Turkish Dictionary”. The Mazar underwent a reconstruction in 1985. Its girders are carved and painted fine. It consists of two parts: the prayer hall in the front and the tomb hall and memorial hall in the north. The Mazar is respected and admired deeply by Xinjiang people. It is listed as a major cultural site protected by the Autonomous Region.