Located at the northern foot of the eastern section of the Tianshan mountains and on the southeastern edge of Jungar Basin, Urumqi is the capital of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. With an arid climate of the temperate zone, Urumqi is inhabited by the Han, Uygur, Kazak, Mongolia and other nationalities of over 40, totaling over 1.5 million in population.
During its long history, Urumqi was the stationing and herding place of the town-state kingdom of Cheshi in the Han Dynasty, and Luntai County was established here in the Tang Dynasty. In the 38th year of Emperor Qianlong (1763) of the Qing Dynasty, Urumqi was named Dihua, and the Gongnin city was set up here in 1772. After the establishment of Xinjiang Province in 1884, Urumqi became the capital of the province. Today, a modern industrial system, with the petroleum, coal, steel, textile and electronic industries as it backbone, has taken shape in Urumqi has become a traffic hinge and a metropolis in the Central Asia.